Forensic science

Forensic Science



  Forensic science is the application of the natural sciences to matters of the law. It includes a variety of different activities and specialties. In practice forensic science draws upon the principles and methods of all the traditional sciences such as mathematics, physics, chemistry and biology. The term forensic science is sometimes used as a synonym for criminalistics.



The application of scientific knowledge and methodology to legal problems and criminal investigations.


  Forensics involves the method of collecting and analysing evidence then using the results to help solve crimes. This can involve the analysis of fingerprints or footprints, bite marks, DNA, blood, semen, saliva, hair, fibres, handwriting and even voice identification. Examining the scene of the crime and pathological examinations are also essential to forensic science.

  Today it is not fully clear just when forensic science was created, as so much information around these days is unreliable. But whenever it was that forensic science was born, a world was opened up that now allows us to solve crimes that, less than a century ago, could not have been solved. Even now we are still discovering new techniques that better our methods of forensic science, and over time more methods will become available to us.


Methods of the study in forensic science

General medical methods

  • Methods from adjacent disciplines

  • Gathering of anamnesis

  • Gathering of kathamnesis

  • Methods of the laboratories

  • Blood tests

  • Urinalysis

  • Biochemical tests

  • Ro-methods

  • Ultrasonic methods

  • Mathematician-statistical analysis

  • Biological methods

  • Botanical methods

Specific methods

  • Autopsy (postmortem examination)

  • Method of experimental modeling

  • Fracturologic analysis

  • Method to identifications private characteristics and mechanism of damaging action

  • Determination identity of an unknown person

  • Liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry